I am primarily interested in the applicaiton of item respone theory (IRT) models to personality, psychopathology and health outcomes measures. My current interests center on the role of the bifactor model in defining and assessing dimensionality in an IRT context, and new approaches to assessing differential item functioning. I am also presently involved in: a) the development of new IRT software, b) a national project to develop IRT based standardized measures of health outcomes (PROMIS), and c) a consortium devoted to understanding the genetic/biological basis of psychopathology (CCP). My specific interest within the consortium is to develop structural models linking measures of impulsivity across different levels of analysis including self-report, cognitive tasks, and biological measures
Dr. Reise received his Ph.D. from the Department of Psychology at the University of Minnesota in 1990. At Minnesota, Dr. Reise worked under the supervision of David Weiss, one of the early pioneers of IRT-based computerized adaptive testing, and the renowned personality researcher, Auke Tellegen. Dr. Reise began his career at the University of California, Riverside in 1990 and subsequently joined the faculty of UCLA in 1998 where he is currently professor, chair of Quantitative Psychology, and co-director of the Advanced Quantitative Methods training program. This training program provides four years of support for 18 graduate students to engage in training in measurement, latent variable modeling, and modern experimental design and analysis methods.
Dr. Reise is an internationally renown teacher in quantitative methods, in particular, the application of item response theory models to personality, psychopathology, and patient reported outcomes. In recognition of his dedication to teaching, Dr. Reise was named "Professor of the Year" in 1995-96 by the graduate students in the psychology department at UC Riverside, and was awarded the 2008 Psychology Department Distinguished teaching award. Most recently, in recognition of his campus-wide and global contributions, Dr. Reise was awarded the University of California campus-wide distinguished teaching award.
Dr. Reise has spent the majority of the last twenty years investigating the application of latent variable models in general and item response theory (IRT) models in particular to personality, psychopathology and health outcomes data. In 1998, Dr. Reise was recognized for his work and received the Raymond B. Cattell award for outstanding multivariate experimental psychologist. Dr. Reise has over 70 refereed publications, including, two Annual Review Chapters, two contributions to APA Handbooks, several articles in leading journals such as Psychological Assessment and Psychological Methods, and finally, along with Dr. Susan Embretson, Dr. Reise has the leading textbook on item response theory called "Item Response Theory for Psychologists" (2000 and forthcoming).
Dr. Reise's work on IRT covers a wide range of topics from basic research in assumption testing and model fit assessment, to differential item functioning, computerized adaptive testing, to the development (with Waller) of new IRT models specifically designed for psychopathology data (i.e., the 4-parameter model). Most notably, Dr. Reise has a long standing interest in measuring "person fit" – the degree to which an individual's pattern of response is consistent with an IRT or structural equations model.
Most recently, recognizing that there is no such thing as unidimensional data, and thus all unidimensional IRT models are problematic, Dr. Reise, in a series of studies, has championed the use of exploratory (Jennrich & Bentler) and confirmatory bifactor models, as a foundation model for item response theory, for evaluating the adequacy of psychological measures, and for interpreting person-fit indices.
Using the umbrella concept of "impulsivity" Dr. Reise is currently investigating the role of latent variable modeling (growth, mixture, structural equations, and item response theory) and related techniques in developing models from gene to (endo)phenotype. Dr. Reise is also interested in the psychology underlying "extremism" whether it be left or right wing versions.
Waller, N.G., & Reise, S.P. (2010). Measuring psychopathology with non-standard item response theory models: Fitting the four-parameter model to the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory. In Embretson, S.(Ed.), New Directions in Psychological Measurement with Model-Based Approaches. American Psychological Association: Washington DC. (p. 147-173)
Bilder, R.M., Poldrack, R., Parker, S.D., Reise, S.P., Jentsch, J.D., Cannon, T., London, E., Sabb, F.W., Foland, L., Rizk-Jackson, A., Kalar, D., Bown, N., Carstensen, A. (2009). Cognitive Phenomics. In S. Wood, N. Allen, C. Pantelis (Eds.) Handbook of Neuropsychology of Mental Disorders. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press (p. 271-282).
Chorpita, B.F., Reise, S.P., Weisz, J.R., & Grubbs, K. (in press). Evaluation of the brief phone checklist: Child and caregiver phone interviews to measure clinical progress. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology.
Reise, S.P., Ventura, J.P., Keefe, R., et al. (in press). Bifactor and item response theory analyses of interviewer report scales of cognitive functioning in schizophrenia. Psychological Assessment.
Reise, S.P., Horan, W.P., & Blanchard, J.J. (in press). The Challenges of Fitting an item response theory model to the social anhedonia scale. Journal of Personality Assessment.
Reise, S.P., Moore, T.M., & Haviland, M.G. (in press). Bifactor models and rotations: Exploring the extent to which multidimensional data yield univocal scale scores. Journal of Personality Assessment.
Ventura, J., Reise, S.P., Keefe, R., Baade, L.E., et al. (in press). The cognitive assessment interview (CAI): Validation of an empirically derived brief interview-based measure of cognition. Schizophrenia Research.
Reise, S.P., Moore, T.M., & Maydue-Olivares, A. (in press). Using target rotations to assess the impact of model violations on the parameters of unidimensional and bifactor IRT models. Educational and Psychological Measurement.
Reise, S.P., & Moore, T.M. (in press). Item Response Theory. In H. Cooper(Ed.) APA Handbook of Research Methods in Psychology. Washington DC: American Psychological Asociations.
Preston, K.S.J., Reise, S.P., Cai, L., & Hays, R.D. (in press). Using the Nominal Response Model to Evaluate Response Category Discriminationin the PROMIS Emotional Distress Item Pools. Educational and Psychological Measurement.
Setodji, C.M., Reise, S.P., Morales, L.S., Fongwa, M.N., & Hays, R.D. (under review). Differential item functioning by survey language among older Hispanics enrolled in medicare managed care.