castel's picture
Alan Castel
University of Toronto (2004)
Primary Area:
Cognitive Psychology
6518 Franz Hall Psychology Tower
(310) 206-9262
Research and Teaching Interests:

How do we remember and why do we forget, and how does this change across the adult lifespan?  In general, my research interests focus on human memory, attention and cognitive aging. This includes the strategic control over memory and attentional processes, how value influences memory, expertise, visual attention, memory for numerical information, neuropsychological and behavioral models of associative memory and aging, metacognition and decision making, and how various memory disorders influence performance.  In addition, I am interested in applied aspects of learning, memory, and cognition.

The memory and lifespan cognition lab uses a variety of methodologies (including laboratory-based tasks, naturalistic observation studies, and structured interviews) to gain a better understanding of how memory and attention change across the lifespan. Some of our current research examines how goals can motivate and improve memory in both younger and older adults, through the strategic focus on selectively remembering both objectively and subjectively important information. Our research is supported by the National Institute on Aging.

Accepting New Graduate Students?  Yes


Alan Castel is a Professor in the Department of Psychology at the University of California, Los Angeles.  He studies learning, memory, and aging.  He is interested in how younger and older adults can selectively remember important information. He lectures internationally to people of all ages.  His work has been featured in the New York Times and Time Magazine. His new general audience book is entitled Better with Age: The Psychology of Successful Aging.  He received his PhD from the University of Toronto, did a fellowship at Washington University in St. Louis, and has been on faculty at UCLA since 2006.   

Representative Publications:
  • Middlebrooks, C. D., Kerr, T. K., & Castel, A. D. (2017). Selectively distracted: Divided attention and memory for important information.  Psychological Science, 28, 1103-1115.
  • Hargis, M. B., & Castel, A. D. (2017). Younger and older adults’ associative memory for social information: The role of information importance.  Psychology and Aging, 32, 325-330.
  • Middlebrooks, C. D., Murayama, K., & Castel, A. D. (2017). Test expectancy and memory for important information.  Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 43, 972-985
  • Hennessee, J. P., Castel, A. D., & Knowlton, B. J. (2017). Recognizing what matters: Value improves recognition by selectively enhancing recollection. Journal of Memory and Language, 94, 195-205.  
  • Castel, A. D., Friedman, M. F., McGillivray, S., Flores, C. C., Murayama, K., Kerr, T., & Drolet, A. (2016). I owe you: Age-related similarities and differences in associative memory for gains and losses. Aging, Neuropsychology, and Cognition, 23, 549-565
  • McGillivray, S., Murayama, K., & Castel, A. D. (2015). Thirst for knowledge: The effects of curiosity and interest on memory in younger and older adults. Psychology and Aging, 30, 835-841.
  • Blake, A. B., Nazarian, M., & Castel, A. D. (2015). The Apple of the mind’s eye: Everyday attention, metamemory, and reconstructive memory for the Apple logo. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 68, 858-865.
  • Castel, A. D., McGillivray, S. & Worden, K. M. (2013). Back to the future: Past and future era-based schematic support and associative memory for prices in younger and older adults. Psychology and Aging, 28, 996-1003.
  • Castel, A. D., Murayama, K., Friedman, M. C., McGillivray, S., & Link, I. (2013). Selecting valuable information to remember: Age-related differences and similarities in self-regulated learning. Psychology and Aging, 28, 232-242.
  • Castel, A. D., Vendetti, M., & Holyoak, K. J. (2012). Fire drill: Inattentional blindness and amnesia for the location of fire extinguishers. Attention, Perception, & Psychophysics, 74, 1391-1396.
  • McGillivray, S., & Castel, A. D. (2011). Betting on memory leads to metacognitive improvement in younger and older adults. Psychology and Aging, 26137-142.
  • Kornell, N., Castel, A. D., Eich, T. S., & Bjork, R. A. (2010). Spacing as the friend of both memory and induction in younger and older adults. Psychology and Aging, 25,
  • Castel, A. D., Balota, D. A., & McCabe, D. P. (2009). Memory efficiency and the strategic control of attention at encoding: Impairments of value-directed remembering in Alzheimer’s disease. Neuropsychology, 23, 297-306. 
  • Rhodes, M. G., & Castel, A. D. (2008). Memory predictions are influenced by perceptual information: Evidence for metacognitive illusions. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 137, 615–625. 
  • Castel, A. D., McCabe, D. P., Roediger, H. L., III, & Heitman, J. L. (2007). The dark side of expertise: Domain specific memory errors.  Psychological Science, 18, 3-5.  
  • Castel, A. D. (2005). Memory for grocery prices in younger and older adults: The role of schematic support. Psychology and Aging, 20, 718–721.