Childhood and adolescence are times of significant emotional and social change. My research seeks to understand how and why these changes occur, with a focus on how development interacts with individual differences to predict variability in emotion regulation. This research is performed at multiple levels of analysis, and involves the use of behavioral, physiological, and neuroimaging measures. The members of the Social Affective Neuroscience and Development (SAND) Lab are specifically interested in two distinct but complementary aspects of emotion regulation: 1) how individuals regulate themselves in the face of appetitive urges and negative emotions; and 2) how social influences, such as friends and parents, impact an individual's regulatory ability. We are particularly interested in how early experiences, including exposure to early life stress, may alter emotion regulation trajectories. While the primary focus of this research is to characterize normative development, I and the members of the SAND Lab also seek to translate our basic scientific findings to special populations who are at risk for emotion dysregulation (e.g., overweight and obese individuals, children of anxious parents, and individuals with Borderline Personality Disorder).
Silvers, J.A., Guassi Moreira, J.F. (in press). Capacity and tendency: A neuroscientific framework for the study of emotion regulation. Neuroscience Letters.
Silvers, J.A., Insel, C., Powers, A., Franz, P., Helion, C., Martin, R.E., Weber, J., Casey, B.J., Mischel, W., & Ochsner, K.N. (2017). vlPFC-vmPFC-amygdala interactions underlie age-related differences in cognitive regulation of emotion. Cerebral Cortex, 27(7), 3502-3514.
Silvers, J.A., Hubbard, A.D., Biggs, E., Shu, J., Fertuck, E., Chaudhury, S., Grunebaum, M.F., Weber, J., Kober, H., Chesin, M., Brodsky, B.S., Koenigsberg, H., Ochsner, K.N., Stanley, B. (2016). Affective lability and difficulties with regulation are differentially associated with amygdala and prefrontal response in women with Borderline Personality Disorder. Psychiatry Research: Neuroimaging, 254, 74-82.
Silvers, J.A., Lumian, D.S., Gabard-Durnam, L., Gee, D.G., Goff, B., Fareri, D.S., Caldera, C., Flannery, J., Telzer, E.H., Humphreys, K.L. & Tottenham, N. (2016). Previous institutionalization is followed by broader amygdala-hippocampal-PFC network connectivity during aversive learning in human development. Journal of Neuroscience, 36(24), 6420-6430.
Silvers, J.A., Shu, J., Hubbard, A.D., Weber, J., & Ochsner, K.N. (2015). Concurrent and lasting effects of emotion regulation on amygdala response in adolescence and young adulthood. Developmental Science, 18(5): 771-784.
Silvers, J.A., Wager, T.D., Weber, J., & Ochsner, K.N. (2015). The neural bases of uninstructed negative emotion modulation. Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience, 10(1), 10-18.
Buhle, J.T., Silvers, J.A., Wager, T.D., Lopez, R., Onyemekwu, C., Kober, H., Weber, J. & Ochsner, K.N. (2014). Cognitive reappraisal of emotion: A meta-analysis of human neuroimaging studies. Cerebral Cortex, 24(11), 2981-2990.
Silvers, J.A., Insel, C., Powers, A., Franz, P., Casey, B.J., Mischel, W., & Ochsner, K.N. (2014). Curbing craving: Behavioral and brain evidence that children regulate craving when instructed to do so but have higher baseline craving than adults. Psychological Science, 25(10), 1932-1941.
Silvers, J.A., McRae, K., Gabrieli, J.D.E., Gross, J.J., Remy, Katherine A., & Ochsner, K.N. (2012). Emotional reactivity, regulation and social rejection in development. Emotion, 12(6), 1235-1247.