The Social and Affective Neuroscience (SAN) Ph.D. Program is intended for students who wish to study neural bases of how people interface with the social world – both understanding it and being affected by it. Affective neuroscience is the study of the neural bases of our emotional lives. Social and affective neuroscience represent two closely aligned fields that often pursue overlapping scientific questions. The same scientists frequently work in both social and affective neuroscience. Most SAN researchers assume that social forces are one of the greatest drivers of affective experience and that social processes often cannot be studied without considering their affective components. Students admitted in either the Social or Developmental Areas may complete this program. They will remain in their area of admission for administrative purposes.